Taylor, the 54th overall selection Friday, had four interceptions and three fumbles forced last year. The Dolphins are in the market for defensive playmakers after tying for fourth-worst in takeaways in 2012.
Taylor will compete for a starting job after the departure of Sean Smith to the Kansas City Chiefs via free agency.
The Dolphins’ first-round pick Thursday was pass rusher Dion Jordan of Oregon. They still haven’t acquired a replacement for departed Pro Bowl tackle Jake Long but have two picks in the third round.